Monday, May 30, 2005
Palestine History from B.C. 600,000-63 B.C.
B.C. 600,000-10,000 Paleolithic and Mesolithic period Earliest human remains in the area, found south of Lake Tiberius, date to ca. 600,000 B.C.
10,000-5,000 Neolithic period. Establishment of settled agricultural communities.
5,000-3,000 Chalcolithic period. Copper and stone tools and artifacts. Remains from this period found near Jericho, Beersheeba, and the Dead Sea.
3,000-2,000 Early Bronze Age. Arrival and settlement of Canaanites (3,000-2500 B.C.)
ca 1250 Israelite conquest of Canaan
965-928 King Solomon. Construction of the temple in Jerusalem
928 division of Israelite state into kingdoms of Israel and Judeh
721 Assyrian conquest of the kingdom of Israel
588 Judeh defeated by Babylonians under Nebuchadnezzar Deportation of its population to Babylon. Destruction of the temple
539 Persians conquer Babylonia. Some Jews allowed to return. Construction of a new temple.
333 Conquest of Persia by Alexander the Great brings Palestine under Greek rule.
323 Death of Alexander leads to alternate rule by Ptolemies of Egypt and Seleucids of Syria.
165 Maccabees revolt against the Seleucid ruler Antiochus Epiphanis and go on to establish independent Jewish state.
63 Incorporation of Palestine into Roman Empire